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Instrument Description

The X-ray diffractometer (XRD) analyzes qualitative and quantitative phases of organic and inorganic compounds and materials, such as:

  1. Ores, minerals, ceramics, cement, construction materials, and soils

  2. Chemicals, pharmaceuticals, biomaterials, plastics, foils, and sheets

  3. Corrosion products, environmental contaminants, and hazardous materials

  4. Metals, alloys, castings, welds, and welded components

  5. Thin films and coatings for the semiconductor industry


The XRD can determine:

  • Grain alignment (texture) in polycrystalline materials 

  • Exact orientation in mono-crystalline materials

  • Residual stresses

  • Microstructural properties (i.e., crystallite size, size distribution, microdeformations)

  • Ratio of amorphous and crystalline fractions

  • Precise lattice parameters


Typical sample masses are less than 10g. The XRD instrument also has a high-temperature (1,200°C) chamber that allows the high-temperature analysis of materials under air, vacuum, or inert atmospheres. 

Instrument sample preparation area; Shielded optical microscopy vacuum testing chambers testing properties gross and isotopic gamma scanning; Instron remote load frame gas measurement and analysis accident condition simulator furnace extrusion; Metallic fuel line; Advanced Fuel Cycle Initiative glovebox; Glovebox advance casting system furnace; Metallic fuel line; Metallic fuel line handling; Inert-radiological gloveboxes; Uranium handling repackaging glovebox; Transuranic breakout glovebox gamma irradiator surveillance glovebox line; Cell area Quanta 3D FEG dual-beam SEM FIB JSM-7000f SEM; Gatan precision etching and coating system; Gatan precision ion polishing systems II; Gatan precision ion polishing systems JEM 2010 STEM Cameca SX100R EPMA FEI QUANTA 3D FEG Titan ChemiSTEM FEG-STEM FEI Helios dual-beam SEM-plasma FIB diffraction; Micro X-ray diffractometer Di LemmaJEOL JSM-7000f SEM coupled plasma-mass spectrometer coupled plasma-atomic emission spectrometer; Thermal Ionization Mass Spectrometer coupled plasma-mass spectrometer advance casting system furnace; Hot uniaxial press furnace mass spectrometer; ELTRA CS-800; ELTRA ONH-2000 furnace; Differential scanning calorimeter; Simultaneous thermal analyzer; Pushrod dilatometer; Laser flash analyzer Separator Laboratories X-ray diffractometer; X-ray diffraction; Hot uniaxial press furnace
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