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Robert O'Brienhttps://bios.inl.gov/Lists/Researcher/DisplayOverrideForm.aspx?ID=707Robert O'Brien<div class="ExternalClass6C3C694DB7964FDC9AC7A515E570AC85"><p>Masters degree in Physics with Space Science and Technology, University of Leicester, 2006</p><p>PhD in Physics Research, University of Leicester, 2010</p></div><div class="ExternalClassF916CF1713B24AF29B0BB5ED27A162A3"><p>​Commercial, Space & Defense Nuclear Systems and Fuels Engineering for light water reactors, micro-reactors, Nuclear Thermal Propulsion and Radioisotope Power Systems. Development of advanced nuclear fuel and radioisotope source fabrication technologies including Spark Plasma Sintering and Laser Additive manufacturing. Research to industrial scale-up of manufacturing processes. Nuclear fuel irradiation performance and safety testing. Nuclear instrumentation design and development. Direct energy and high power laser systems development.</p></div><div class="ExternalClass507BE29638F34802B66E6507B70D3037"><p>Fellow of the Royal Astronomical Society, 2008</p><p>American Nuclear Society, 2011</p></div><div class="ExternalClassC78D067A7BE447AE8BBA6EC78F949EC0"><ol style="list-style-type:decimal;"><li><span style="font-size:13pt;">R.C. O'Brien "Porous Nuclear Fuel Formed by Additive Manufacturing, Nuclear Reactor Materials and Related Methods" BA-991 Patent Number 2939-P14093US.</span></li><li><span style="font-size:13pt;">H. Chu, R.C. O'Brien, M.P. Bakas, S.K. Cook "Large Scale Plasma Sintering of Silicon Carbide Plate" BA-799 Patent Application - No. 2939-P13215US.</span></li><li><span style="font-size:13pt;">W. Roger Cannon, Rita E. Hoggan, Arnold Erickson, Bryan Forsmann, Robert C. O'Brien &</span></li></ol><p style="text-align:justify;"><span style="font-size:13pt;">Paul A. Lessing "Controlled relative humidity storage for high toughness and strength of</span></p><p style="text-align:justify;"><span style="font-size:13pt;">binderless green pellets", Journal of the American Ceramics Society, (2017) DOI:</span></p><p style="text-align:justify;"><span style="font-size:13pt;">10.1111/jace.14982.</span></p><ol start="4" style="list-style-type:decimal;"><li><span style="font-size:13pt;">R.C. O'Brien, N.D. Jerred, "Spark Plasma Sintering of W-UO2 cermets". Journal of Nuclear</span></li></ol><p style="text-align:justify;"><span style="font-size:13pt;">Materials. 433 (2013) 50-54.</span></p><ol start="5" style="list-style-type:decimal;"><li><span style="font-size:13pt;">R.C. O'Brien, et al., "Spark Plasma Sintering of simulated radioisotope materials in tungsten</span></li></ol><p style="text-align:justify;"><span style="font-size:13pt;">cermets". Journal of Nuclear Materials. 393 (2009) 108-113.DOI:</span></p><p style="text-align:justify;"><span style="font-size:13pt;">10.1016/j.jnucmat.2009.05.012.</span></p><ol start="6" style="list-style-type:decimal;"><li><span style="font-size:13pt;">R. C. O'Brien, et al., "Resumption of Transient Testing at the Idaho National Laboratory Treat</span></li></ol><p style="text-align:justify;"><span style="font-size:13pt;">Reactor: Development of Experimental and Analytical Capabilities in Support of the Accident</span></p><p style="text-align:justify;"><span style="font-size:13pt;">Tolerant Fuels Campaign." Proceedings of OECD/NEA Workshop on Pellet-Cladding Interaction (PCI) in Water-Cooled Reactors, June 22-24, Lucca, Italy.</span></p><ol start="7" style="list-style-type:decimal;"><li><span style="font-size:13pt;">N.E. Woolstenhulme, J.D. Bess, C.B. Davis, G.K. Housley, C.B. Jensen, R.C. O'Brien, and D.M.</span></li></ol><p style="text-align:justify;"><span style="font-size:13pt;">Wachs, "TREAT Irradiation Vehicle Designs, Capabilities, And Future Plans", Proceedings of</span></p><p style="text-align:justify;"><span style="font-size:13pt;">the PHYSOR-2016 Conference, Sun Valley, Idaho, USA, May 1 – 5, 2016.</span></p><ol start="8" style="list-style-type:decimal;"><li><span style="font-size:13pt;">O'Brien, R.C.; Wachs, D.M.; Beasley, A.A. "ATF-3: an overview of the accident tolerant fuels</span></li></ol><p style="text-align:justify;"><span style="font-size:13pt;">transient testing campaign in the TREAT reactor" Transactions of the American Nuclear Society,</span></p><p style="text-align:justify;"><span style="font-size:13pt;">Volume 112 (2015) Pages: 355-357.</span></p><ol start="9" style="list-style-type:decimal;"><li><span style="font-size:13pt;">Woolstenhulme, N.E.; Baker, C.C.; Bess, J.D.; Davis, C.B.; Housley, G.K.; Jensen, C.B.;</span></li></ol><p style="text-align:justify;"><span style="font-size:13pt;">O'Brien, R.C.; Snow, S.D. "TREAT experiment vehicle design and future plans" Transactions of</span></p><p style="text-align:justify;"><span style="font-size:13pt;">the American Nuclear Society Volume 112 (2015) Pages: 369-71.</span></p><ol start="10" style="list-style-type:decimal;"><li><span style="font-size:13pt;">R.C. O'Brien "CSNR-Aerojet Rocketdyne Cermet Fuels Research: Summary & status",</span></li></ol><p style="text-align:justify;"><span style="font-size:13pt;">Proceedings of the 2015 Nuclear and Emerging Technologies for Space (NETS 2015) conference,</span></p><p style="text-align:justify;"><span style="font-size:13pt;">Albuquerque, NM.</span></p><ol start="11" style="list-style-type:decimal;"><li><span style="font-size:13pt;">A.E. Craft, R.C. O'Brien, , S.D. Howe, , J.C. King, "Submersion criticality safety of tungstenrhenium</span></li></ol><p style="text-align:justify;"><span style="font-size:13pt;">urania cermet fuel for space propulsion and power applications" Journal of Nuclear</span></p><p style="text-align:justify;"><span style="font-size:13pt;">Engineering and Design Volume 273 (2014) Pages 143–149</span></p><ol start="12" style="list-style-type:decimal;"><li><span style="font-size:13pt;">Xiaoyu Zhang, James E. O'Brien, Robert C. O'Brien, Joseph J. Hartvigsen, Greg Tao, Gregory K.</span></li></ol><p style="text-align:justify;"><span style="font-size:13pt;">Housley, "Improved durability of SOEC stacks for high temperature electrolysis", International</span></p><p style="text-align:justify;"><span style="font-size:13pt;">Journal of Hydrogen Energy, Volume 38, Issue 1, 11 January 2013, Pages 20–28.</span></p><ol start="13" style="list-style-type:decimal;"><li><span style="font-size:13pt;">Xiaoyu Zhang, James E. O'Brien, Robert C. O'Brien, Gregory K. Housley, "Durability evaluation</span></li></ol><p style="text-align:justify;"><span style="font-size:13pt;">of reversible solid oxide cells" Journal of Power Sources, Volume 242, (2013) Pages 566–574.</span></p><ol start="14" style="list-style-type:decimal;"><li><span style="font-size:13pt;">R.C. O'Brien, "Development of a Radiological Spark Plasma Sintering Facility". Proceedings of:</span></li></ol><p style="text-align:justify;"><span style="font-size:13pt;">Nuclear and Emerging Technologies for Space (NETS-2013), 2013; Albuquerque, NM, USA.</span></p><ol start="15" style="list-style-type:decimal;"><li><span style="font-size:13pt;">O'Brien, R.C. ; O'Brien, J. E.; Stoots, C. M.; Zhang, X.; Farmer, S. C.; Cable, T. L.; Setlock, J.</span></li></ol><p style="text-align:justify;"><span style="font-size:13pt;">A., "TESTING AND PERFORMANCE ANALYSIS OF NASA 5 CM BY 5 CM BISUPPORTED</span></p><p style="text-align:justify;"><span style="font-size:13pt;">SOLID OXIDE ELECTROLYSIS CELLS OPERATED IN BOTH FUEL CELL</span></p><p style="text-align:justify;"><span style="font-size:13pt;">AND STEAM ELECTROLYSIS MODES" Journal article: PROCEEDINGS OF THE ASME</span></p><p style="text-align:justify;"><span style="font-size:13pt;">INTERNATIONAL MECHANICAL ENGINEERING CONGRESS AND EXPOSITION, 2011,</span></p><p style="text-align:justify;"><span style="font-size:13pt;">VOL 4, PTS A AND B Pages: 513-521 Published: 2012.</span></p><ol start="16" style="list-style-type:decimal;"><li><span style="font-size:13pt;">R.C. O'Brien and J.A. Katalenich, "Mixed Americium-Curium Heat Sources for Radioisotope</span></li></ol><p style="text-align:justify;"><span style="font-size:13pt;">Heaters and Power Systems", Journal of Propulsion and Power, Vol. 27, No. 5 (2011), pp. 1131-</span></p><p style="text-align:justify;"><span style="font-size:13pt;">1134.</span></p><p style="text-align:justify;"> </p><p style="text-align:justify;"> </p><ol start="17" style="list-style-type:decimal;"><li><span style="font-size:13pt;">H.R. Williams, J.C. Bridges, R.M. Ambrosi, M.-C. Perkinson, J. Reed, L. Peacocke, N.P.</span></li></ol><p style="text-align:justify;"><span style="font-size:13pt;">Bannister, S.D. Howe, R.C. O'Brien, A.C. Klein "Mars reconnaissance lander: Vehicle and</span></p><p style="text-align:justify;"><span style="font-size:13pt;">mission design", Journal of Planetary and Space Science Volume 59, Issue 13 ( 2011) Pages</span></p><p style="text-align:justify;"><span style="font-size:13pt;">1621–1631.</span></p><ol start="18" style="list-style-type:decimal;"><li><span style="font-size:13pt;">Steven D. Howe, Robert C. O'Brien, Richard M. Ambrosi, Brian Gross, Jeff Katalenich, Logan</span></li></ol><p style="text-align:justify;"><span style="font-size:13pt;">Sailer, Mark McKay, John C. Bridges, Nigel P. Bannister, "The Mars Hopper: an impulse driven,</span></p><p style="text-align:justify;"><span style="font-size:13pt;">long range, long-lived mobile platform utilizing in-situ Martian resources" Acta Astronautica</span></p><p style="text-align:justify;"><span style="font-size:13pt;">Volume 69, Issues 11–12(2011) Pages 1050–1056.</span></p><ol start="19" style="list-style-type:decimal;"><li><span style="font-size:13pt;">S.D. Howe, R.C. O'Brien R.M. Ambrosi, et al "The Mars Hopper: an impulse-driven, long-range,</span></li></ol><p style="text-align:justify;"><span style="font-size:13pt;">long-lived mobile platform utilizing in situ Martian resources", Journal of Aerospace Engineering</span></p><p style="text-align:justify;"><span style="font-size:13pt;">Part G, Volume: 225 Issue: G2 Pages: 144-153 Special Issue: SI (2011).</span></p><ol start="20" style="list-style-type:decimal;"><li><span style="font-size:13pt;">M.S. Skidmore, R.M. Ambrosi, and R.C. O'Brien, "Neutron sources for in-situ planetary science</span></li></ol><p style="text-align:justify;"><span style="font-size:13pt;">applications". Journal of Nuclear Materials. 608 (2009) 403-409.DOI:</span></p><p style="text-align:justify;"><span style="font-size:13pt;">10.1016/j.nima.2009.07.011.</span></p><ol start="21" style="list-style-type:decimal;"><li><span style="font-size:13pt;">R.C. O'Brien, et al., Fabrication of prismatic fuel elements for space power and nuclear thermal</span></li></ol><p style="text-align:justify;"><span style="font-size:13pt;">propulsion reactors by spark plasma sintering". Proceedings of: Nuclear and Emerging Technologies for Space (NETS 2009), Paper Number 206153; June 14‐19, 2009; Atlanta,GA.</span></p><ol start="22" style="list-style-type:decimal;"><li><span style="font-size:13pt;">R.C. O'Brien, et al., "Production of safe radioisotope heat sources by Spark Plasma Sintering".</span></li></ol><p style="text-align:justify;"><span style="font-size:13pt;">Proceedings of: Nuclear and Emerging Technologies for Space (NETS-2009), Paper Number</span></p><p style="text-align:justify;"><span style="font-size:13pt;">206155; June 14-19, 2009; Atlanta, GA</span></p></div>Advanced Manufacturing and Intelligent Systemshttps://bios.inl.gov/BioPhotos/RobertOBrien.jpgGroup Leader for Advanced Manufacturing, New Fuel Systems and Feedstock Development Principal investigator for TREAT experiments Fuel Fabrication and Nuclear Material ManagementExperimental Fuels Facilityrobert.obrien@inl.gov ​Laser additive manufacturing, spark plasma sintering, hot isostatic press, arc melting